Laparoscopic

Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique in which short, narrow tubes (trochars) are inserted into the abdomen through small (less than one centimetre) incisions. Through these trochars, long, narrow instruments are inserted. The surgeon uses these instruments to manipulate, cut, and sew tissue.

Diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that doctors use to view a woman’s reproductive organs. A laparoscope, a thin viewing tube similar to a telescope, is passed through a small incision (cut) in the abdomen. Using the laparoscope, the doctor can look directly at the outside of the uterus, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, and nearby organs.

Laparoscopy can be used for diagnosis, treatment, or both. A diagnostic procedure can sometimes turn into treatment.

Some reasons for diagnostic laparoscopy are:

  • unexplained pelvic pain
  • unexplained infertility
  • a history of pelvic infection

Conditions that might be diagnosed using laparoscopy include:

  • endometriosis
  • uterine fibroids
  • ovarian cysts or tumors
  • pelvic abscess, or pus
  • pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue
  • infertility
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • reproductive cancers

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